Media

Advice for being an Ally by The BAME Ed Network: https://www.bameednetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/advice-5c-20for_38970569.pdf 

📋Studies📋

  • 🛸The Broken Pipeline – Barriers to Black PhD Students Accessing Research Council Funding
    • Published in September 2019 this report on a study conducted by Leading Routes focuses on issues beyond the BME attainment gap. It states among many other things that A Freedom of Information request to UKRI revealed that over the last three academic years (2016/2017 – 2018/2019), of the total 19,868 PhD funded studentships awarded by UKRI research councils collectively, 245 (1.2%) were awarded to Black or Black Mixed students, with just 30 (0.15%) of those being from Black Caribbean backgrounds (UKRI, 2019). 
  • Common Cause Research
    • A report created with the aim of building research collaborations between universities and BAME communities, and the methods with which to do this, by first aiming to understand the issues facing BAME at university and the importance of using community ground to heal the divide.
  • 🛸The Double Bind: The Price of Being a Minority Woman in Science
    • A study done on a group of 30 women of colour in STEM on their experiences working in the field and recommendation to improve it. The paper was initially written in the 1970’s but due to a lack of progress in the field all the recommendations are idential to ones being suggested by women of colour today.
  • 🛸Sector Factsheet: Ethnic minorities in STEM
    • Factsheet looking at education and employment of BAME in STEM fields, focusing on statistics regarding subject choice at university and areas of employment in STEM industries.
  • 🛸Ethnic minority academics earn less than their white colleagues
    • Article by 
  • Improving Diversity in STEM 
    • Campaign for Science and Engineering (CaSE) report looking at not only the issues facing creating more diversity in STEM but also statistics regarding all minority and marginalised groups. 
  • Princeton & Slavery
    • Princeton University website investigating its own past and links to its role in slavery and how Princeton alumni contributed to colonisation,  including the slave-holding practices of Princeton’s early trustees and faculty members.
  • 🛸Women of Colour in Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Summary of a conference from 2013 entitled “Seeking Solutions: Maximising American Talent by Advancing Women of Colour in Academia” about the barriers WOC face when trying to flourish in the field of astrophysics going from graduate student level to postdoc and beyond, and solutions to these problems. By Dr. Jedidah Isler, The National Academic Press. 
  • 🛸Universities urged to close ‘degree gap’ between black and white students
    • Report confirms that race issues in universities must be dealt with strategically and systematically. Additionally it should be compulsory and not an optional ‘add on’.
  • 🛸 Certifying Equality? Critical reflections on Athena SWAN and equality accreditation
    • Document published by the University of Warwick looking at the problems with the Athena SWAN charter and institutional accreditation schemes
      • Contains a section on how Athena SWAN fails when pertaining to intersectionality and mentions how race data at institutions are collected using international cohorts and does not look at home BME students
  • 🛸Taylor and Francis Online article – “Competing inequalities: gender versus race in higher education institutions in the UK”
    • Article highlighting how Athena SWAN has only primarily benefited middle class white women
  • 🛸Paper published by Loughborough University evaluating the effectiveness of Athena SWAN 
    • States that the majority of institutional “Champions” were middle class white women
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📗Books📗

  • 🛸The Disordered Cosmos: A Journey into Dark Matter, Spacetime, and Dreams Deferred [Release date March 9th, 2021]
    • Written by Prof. Chanda Prescod-Weinstein, Assistant Professor of Physics and Astronomy and Core Faculty in Women’s and Gender Studies at the University of New Hampshire.  This is about a variety of topics, particle physics, being a Black woman in physics, hip hop, Star Trek, and everything in between – an exciting must-read that we at POC2 cannot wait for!!
  • Forgotten Women: The Scientists 
    • Book written by author Zing Tsjeng (@misszing) documenting the achievements of 48 female scientists, many of which are women of colour.
  • 🛸Hidden Figures: The Untold Story of the African American Women Who Helped Win the Space Race
    • Written in 2016 by Margot Lee Shetterly, Hidden Figures is a biographical piece following the lives of three black women (Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, and Mary Jackson) who worked as mathematicians or “Human Computers” at NASA from the 1930’s to the 1960’s. Their work was instrumental in helping American win the space race. 
  • 🛸The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
    • IMDB – A movie based on this book premiered in 2017.
    • Written by Rebecca Skloot, this book is an account of the life of Henrietta Lacks, whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, one of the most important cell lines in medicine which has led to many breakthroughs in biomedical research.
  • Inferior: How Science got Women Wrong – and the New Research That’s Rewriting the Story
    • Written by a WoC (Angela Saini), Inferior (2018) focuses on challenging stereotypes about men and women, especially those hotly debated in the fields of biology, psychology and anthropology about the differences between these two genders, and the bias that exists in science when researching gender differences.
  • 🛸Inside the Ivory Tower
    • Developed by Dr. Deborah Gabriel (a senior academic at the University of Bournemouth whose research is on critiquing inequalities within the media), Inside the Ivory Tower draws on Black feminist theory to examine how racism manifests itself inside the sphere of academia from microaggressions to overt racial abuse, and focuses on the experiences of WoC in academia, highlighting their voices.
  • Superior: The Return of Race in Science
    • Also written by Angela Saini, Superior (2019) fights back against the resurgence of scientific racism, and explores the concept of race, taking information from geneticists, anthropologists, historians and social scientists in order to examine just how evil and destructive race science is.
  • How to Do Nothing: Resisting the Attention Economy
    • An excellent book on resisting the capitalist narratives of productivity, and the trouble with “constant hustle culture”, with a focus on how technology is specifically shaped to get our attention and the importance of true relaxation.

📝Articles📝

On decolonising academia
On non-Western science 
  • Astronomy in Ancient Islam 
    • Wikipedia article which outlines the progress made in astrophysics during the Islamic Golden age, including developing astronomical terms for stars and instruments which are used in modern astrophysics. This area is incredibly important to learn about as the achievements of POC particularly in ancient periods is either falsely attributed to western scientists much later or goes wholly unrecognised.
    • The Art and Science of staying warm
      • How traditional clothing from Native American cultures continues to be the best in terms of insulation in cold climates as well as being environmentally friendly.
    • 🛸Intergalatic Pachamama: Kichwa Cosmology Vs. Western Astrophysics 
      • Smithsonian Centre for Folklife and Cultural Heritage article by Jessie M. Vallejo (an ethnomusicologist) and Jorge G. F. Moreno Soto (a theoretical astrophysicist) about the how ancient music of the Kichiwa-Otavaleños (Indigenous people from the northern Andes region of South America) connects to galaxy formation. It is a truly fascinating read, and the knowledge that the way Kichiwa music repeats with different timescales in a way which mirrors the pattern with which galaxies are formed is mind-blowing, and shows how important it is to understand and respect ancient cultures which often contain scientific knowledge currently in research today but set in a different framework.
    • Psuedoarchaeology and the Racism Behind Ancient Aliens
      • A Hyperallergic article written by Sarah E. Bond on how the conspiracy theory that “aliens built the pyramids” is rooted in Western bigotry and racist wilful denial of Black scientific and technological achievements.
On POC scientists
  • Historical Women of Colour in Science
    • Femmes of STEM podcast alphabetical reference list of historical women of colour in STEM with a link to an article on each woman listed, arranged by the field they worked in right through from Archaeology to Zoology.
  • Famous Black Women in STEM 
    • Refinery29 article by Sarah Jacoby listing 12 Black women who have achieved greatness in the field of STEM. It includes a description of their accomplishments across a wide variety of fields in STEM including astronomy, optometry, nursing and mathematics. Some of the women listed have articles about them on this site, including Mae Jemison and Katherine Johnson.
  • Historical Women of Colour in STEM 
    • Medium article by Michelle Barboza-Ramirez (herself a WoC) about the misconception that WoC have not been integral to the world of STEM and includes a thorough list of WoC scientists and their achievements across all areas of STEM.
  • The Scientists of Ancient India  
    • A document from India Culture and Heritage Secondary Course by the The National Institute of Open Schooling on science in ancient India and the achievements during that time made in the fields of maths, science and even Ayurveda (branch of Indian medicine which underpins the foundation of what we’ve come to know as “Western medicine”).
On BAME academics’ experiences 
On lack of diversity in hiring
On unfair pay, funding and opportunites for BAME academics
  • Ethnic minority academics speak out over unfair pay
    • BBC News article written by Rianna Croxford describing how BAME academics are coming forward with allegations of being unlawfully paid less than their white counterparts, and even sometimes less than white colleagues who should in reality have a lower paying job in the institution, giving a case study of Pragya Agrawal, a junior academic who discovered she was being paid £8,000 less than white male colleagues who were in the same department who were actually meant to be on lower pay grades.
  • Do universities have a problem with promoting their BAME staff?
    • Guardian article by Coco Kahn on the lack of WOC in leadership positions in institutions of higher academia, breaking down the causes of this into examples of how systematic racism manifests itself in these spheres, i.e . the attainment gap, lack of a decolonised curriculum and lack of diversity initiatives which focus on including more BAME.
  • 🛸Ethnic minority academics get less UK research funding
    • Data from 7 UK research councils find that academics of colour are 59% less likely to recieve research funding compared to their white counterparts. Furthermore any grants they do recieve is on average £100,000 less than white academics.
  • Workforce diversity : Lets talk about Race
    • A workshop convened by the Medical Research Council gave PhD students the opportunity to discuss how research careers could be made more inclusive for black, Asian and minority ethnic individuals after it was found that in the UK, black, Asian or minority ethnic (BAME) students account for 30% of all undergraduates, yet less than 8% of the ~1,200 PhD students funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) self-identify as BAME. Moreover, within this 8%, black students are underrepresented.
  • UK universities face pressure to reform admissions process
    • Guardian article citing a poll of 1500 applicants to higher education intitutions, stating that BAME students are most likely to support a radical overhaul of the admissions process due to racialised bias, including a shift to university undergraduate offers being made after results are published.
On BAME student experiences
  • 🛸As a black student, I know why our grades are worse: universities don’t listen to us
    • Article by Adesewa Esther Adebisi detailing her experiences as a black university student. They describe the micro-affirmations that their white peers received and how this fed into the attainment gap and how it was detrimental to their personal experience at university.
  • 🛸The ‘Benefits’ of Black Physics Students
    • A New York Times article by Dr. Jedidah Isler discussing the setbacks black students face when entering the field of physics, focusing on how instead of including ethnic diversity for the correct moral reasons – which is all that is needed – academics are now expecting BAME students to lead discussions of decolonisation and diversity, an extra burden put on POC when their white counterparts are only expected to bring their interest.
  • ‘Look at how white the academy is’: why BAME students aren’t doing PhDs
    • A Guardian article exploring the reasons why students of colour are not doing PhDs – especially in STEM subjects.
  • Students occupy Goldsmiths in protest of institutional racism
    • Guardian article by Sally Weale about the students protesting against racism at Goldsmiths University after the university failed to respond appropriately to the racism BME students faced during the student elections. They are rightly demanding institution wide strategies to be put in place and for racist abuse to be taken seriously.
  • 🛸Universities must do more for black students, warns watchdog
    • Guardian article by Richard Adams on how Black students and students with mental health difficulties are more likely to have a gap in attainment at university due to neglect.
  • What are your experiences of racism at UK universities?
    • Guardian article asking for people to fill out a form detailing their experiences with racism in the wake of students at Goldsmiths University protesting against the racism they faced in the student wide elections and demanding institution wide strategies to tackle it.
  • 🛸Universities must listen more closely to their BAME staff and students 
    • Guardian article by Deborah Husbands on the BAME attainment gap at university and the reasons behind it, and how one possible way of tackling it is introducing the Race Equality Charter as a framework for institutions to engage with in order to help improve BAME representation and close the gap.
On BAME experiences outside academia in the job market
  • 🛸 BAME teachers face inherit racism in UK schools
    • News article, written by Rachael Pells for The Independent, which outlines a study conducted by NASUWT and The Runneymede Trust which surveyed 12,000 teachers. It found that 8 in 10 BAME (Black and Minority Eithnic) teachers reported not being paid at a level which was equivocate with their level of experience and two-thirds of the BAME teachers reported having been the target of verbalised racial abuse by their pupils.
  • 🛸 Minority ethnic Britons face ‘shocking’ job discrimination
    • A Guardian article written by Haroon Siddique about how the level of racist discrimination that Black and South Asian (particularly Pakistani) people face when applying to jobs in the UK has not changed since the 1960’s, citing a study carried out by the Centre for Social Investigation at Nuffield College which showed that people from these backgrounds had to send out 80% more applications to get a positive response from a white employer.
  • Your unconcious bias training keeps failing because you’re not addressing systematic bias 
    • Forbes article by Janice Gassam detailing the issues that cause the standard unconcious bias training to be largely ineffective.
  • White women recognise gender-based, but not always race based pay-gaps 
    • Article on how white woman themselves refuse to acknowledge/blatantly ignore the racial pay gap between them and WOC
    • Only 34% of white women agree that there is a pay gap between white women and non-white women.
  • What Happens When White Women Become The Face Of Diversity
    • Forbes article on the inequality between the number of white woman and WOC hires at Fortune 500 companies, as part of “diversity” initiatives, the reasons behind this problematic outcome and how this negatively impacts WOC. The article is written by a black woman, and the diversity experts mentioned in the article are women of colour, and is therefore an excellent reflection of the experiences of WOC in the workforce.
  • How drinking culture affects Muslim women workers
    • Article about how the careers of Muslim women suffer due to the toxic drinking culture
    • Includes many accounts from Muslim women themselves about how due to them not drinking they are always left out of social events at their companies
  • Confronting racism is not about the needs and feelings of white people
    • Guardian article, written by
  • Museums in US still failing with artist diversity, study finds
    • Guardian article detailing the results of a study of US museums and how they are extremely lacking in diversity in their exhibits. In the 10,000 artists records analysed it found that 85% of artists exhibited in major American museums are white while 87% are male. After white men, the largest groups were white women at 10.8%, Asian men at 7.5% and Hispanic men at 2.6%.
  • Women with Masters Degree’s paid less than men without them in England
    • Article describing the gender and ethnicity pay gap, with results showing that black graduates are paid on average £10K less than their white counterparts.
Other

🎧Audio🎧

  • Black women are five times more likely to die in childbirth than white women. Why?
    • BBC interview asking why black women are more likely to die due to complications in childbirth than white women as shown in a recent UK study
  • 🛸Despite decades of pledging to hire more black faculty, most universities didn’t
    • The Hechinger Report article on how faculty of colour – especially black faculty – are underrepresented on most college campuses as well as data showing that despite many colleges pledging to hire more staff of colour numbers have not changed in recent years. The article also highlights some specific example and stories from black academics working in extremely white environments.
  • 🛸The Femmes of Stem Podcast
    • A science education podcast series that highlights the stories of women in STEM throughout history. Founded + hosted by Michelle Barboza-Ramirez, a queer, latinx scientist. Recommended Episode: Decolonising Science 101
  • Why aren’t you a doctor yet? Podcast
    • A podcast hosted by four young scientists of colour who along with many guest speakers discuss anything from science and tech to pop culture.
  • TRASHFUTURE Podcast
    • A podcast critiquing capitalism and shitty politics, with LGBT+ and POC hosts.
  • Coffee with Comrades
    • A podcast discussing news, theory and current events through a radical, anarcho-communist lens.
  • About Race with Reni Eddo-Lodge
    • From the author behind the bestselling Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race, comes a podcast that takes the conversation a step further. Featuring key voices from the last few decades of anti-racist activism, About Race with Reni Eddo-Lodge looks at the recent history that lead to the politics of today.

💻Video💻

  • HeLa Cells
    • TED-Ed video where Robin Bulleri tells the story of Henrietta Lacks, a woman whose DNA led to countless cures, patents, and discoveries. Further information on Henrietta Lacks’ story – including the struggles she faced as a black woman living in America during segregation – can be found on our profile of her here: [HeLa].
  • 🛸Hidden Figures: The Untold Story of the African American Women Who Helped Win the Space Race
    • Trailer for the 2016 movie Hidden Figures which tells the story of how Katherine G. Johnson (Taraji P. Henson), Dorothy Vaughan (Octavia Spencer) and Mary Jackson (Janelle Monáe) were instrumental in helping America win the space race despite them having to overcome massive amounts of racalised sexism as black women in America during segregation.
  • 🛸Historic Figures in STEM: Mary Seacole 
    • Extra Credits video on the life Mary Seacole, a mixed race British-Jamaican nurse, hotelier and business woman who risked her life treating the injured during the Crimean war.
  • 🛸The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
    • Trailer for the 2017 movie The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks which tells the story of Henrietta Lacks – a black woman – who’s cells were harvested from her without her permission and have gone on to save countless lives. This movie was adapted from the novel of the same name by HBOFilms. [HeLa]
  • 🛸Science and Islam
    • Three part BBC documentary by Jim Al-Khalili on the history of science in Islam, including how it has impacted the science we use today – with words like Algebra, Algorithm and Alkali all being Arabic in origin.
  • 🛸The Science of Racism
    • AsapSCIENCE video on the physical and mental impacts racism can have as well as ways to combat racism itself.
  • Explained | Racial Wealth Gap – Vox
    • Cory Booker and others discuss how slavery, housing discrimination and centuries of inequality have compounded to create a racial wealth gap.
  • Jenny Odell, How to Do Nothing – XOXO Festival (2019) 
    • Youtube video of a talk at XOXO Festival from Jenny Odell on her book How to Do Nothing: Resisting the Attention Economy
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💬Social Media💬

TT🛸 = Indicates a recommended read.

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